Volume 2: Midwest United States
Minnesota: MN-24

Vermillion and Pelican Lake Catholic Parishes. Holy Cross Church
10696 Shady Grove Lane
P.O. Box 218
Orr, MN 55771

Phone: 218-757-3273
Email: See website (Contact)


History: Holy Cross Church, Orr, Minnesota, has been a predominantly non-Native American parish in the Diocese of Crookston (Archives, Crookston Minnesota). Oblates of Mary Immaculate at Holy Cross, who have attended Immaculate Conception Mission (Ojibwa), Nett Lake, Minnesota. 

Immaculate Conception Mission:


Benedictines (St. John’s Abbey) (Archives: Collegeville, Minnesota) from Holy Family, Cloquet attended Nett Lake station


Benedictines from Holy Family, Cloquet established and attended Immaculate Conception Mission


Oblates of Mary Immaculate (Manitoba Province, St. Boniface, Manitoba) from St. Boniface Church, Winnipeg, Manitoba, attended Immaculate Conception


Oblates from St. Thomas, International Falls, attended Immaculate Conception


Oblates from Fort Francis, Ontario, attended Immaculate Conception


Became a parish; Oblates (Central Province, St. Paul, Minnesota) administered Immaculate Conception Church


Oblates from Holy Cross, Orr, Minnesota, attended Immaculate Conception

Oblates of Mary Immaculate from either Immaculate Conception or Holy Cross have attended the Vermillion Lake Reservation station (Ojibwa), 1958-present.


Holdings of Catholic records about Native Americans:

Inclusive dates: 1920s-ongoing

Volume: At least .5 cubic foot

Description: The records at Holy Cross Church were not organized according to a classification scheme when reviewed by a Marquette University archivist, 1980. Consequently, the records are described by record type.


/1 Sacramental records

Inclusive dates: 1922-ongoing

Volume: At least 1 volume

Description: Immaculate Conception Mission, Nett Lake and Vermillion Lake Reservation: Baptisms, marriages, and confirmations, 1922-ongoing; deaths, 1923-ongoing; first communions, 1930-ongoing; includes records (copies) from parishes that previously administered Immaculate Conception Mission and records created while Immaculate Conception was a parish


/2 Census records

Inclusive dates: 1940s-1960s

Volume: 1 folder

Description: Includes names of parents and children with dates of births and deaths; census complete for the 1940s-1950s and incomplete for the 1960s


/3 Correspondence

Inclusive dates: 1920s-1950s

Volume: 25 letters (copies)

Description: From the Oblates of Mary Immaculate, Manitoba Provincial House, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, re: Immaculate Conception Mission, Nett Lake, Minnesota


/4 Diary

Inclusive dates: 1937-1938

Volume: 1 volume

Description: By Rev. George S. Salamon, re: His visit to Nett Lake 


/5 Historical notes

Inclusive dates: 1920s-1970s

Volume: 4 folders

Description: Includes records on Nett Lake, created or collected by Sister Bernard Coleman, among them biographies on Nett Lake residents, clippings, an introduction and 2 chapters of an unpublished article on Nett Lake, and historical sketches of Nett Lake by priests and sisters who ministered to the Nett Lake Reservation 


/6 Financial and statistical reports

Inclusive dates: 1963-ongoing

Volume: At least 2 folders

Description: Includes monthly financial reports to the Oblate Provincial in St. Paul, Minnesota, 1963-1967, and statistical reports to the Duluth Diocese, 1965-present  


/7 Parish bulletins and newsletters

Inclusive dates: 1968-ongoing

Volume: At least 2 folders 


/8 Audio recordings

Inclusive dates: 1970s

Volume: 12 tapes

Description: Mostly interviews of Nett Lake Ojibwa Indians by Rev. Thomas Hitpas, O.M.I., re: their history and culture; 1 tape contains Rev. Hitpas' observations regarding a traditional Ojibwa funeral, which he attended; another includes an interview by Rev. Hitpas with Rev. Leandre Gauthier, re: memories of his evangelizing at Nett Lake, 1929-1945 


/9 Photographs

Inclusive dates: 1920s-1960s

Volume: 31 photographs

Description: Primarily priests who attended Immaculate Conception; also religious sisters who served the parish, its buildings, and Ojibwa Indian children, presumably parishioners.


Unless otherwise noted, the repository on this page holds (or held) the records described here and they are not held at the Marquette University Archives.